The Black Consciousness Movement is arguably the most influential student movement in the 1970s, in Apartheid South Africa. Black Consciousness is defined as the awareness of one’s identity as a black person. Continue reading
Beautiful poetry. Follow blkgirlswrite for more like this.
By Lindokuhle Makapela, 6 Sep ’16
Edward Said states that the way in which the West has studied the East, Africa and the rest of the world is prejudiced and very ethnocentric (Said, 1978:10). The West uses studies of the East and Africa to assert their power and dominance, instead of viewing these parts of the world as equal counterparts. Said coins this term orientalism. Orientalism refers to the representation of the East and Africa in a stereotypical way that is regarded as embodying a colonialism attitude. Orientalism can also be defined as the body and tradition of western representations of the Orient (Said, 1978:16). Dogan and Pelassy (1990:23) state that comparison is the engine of knowledge. Comparison is said to be one of the most basic human activities, and is something we do daily, both consciously and unconsciously. Comparative politics is the systematic study of institutions and performance of governments and political processes around the world (Dogan and Pelassy, 1990:29). Said’s argument on comparative politics is that the way in which the West views the East or rather, the Orient, is in such a way that distorts the actual reality of these places and its people (Said, 1978:19). In the following essay, I will be discussing Edward Said’s orientalism and providing a critical analysis of orientalist representations of the East and Africa, by the West. I will be making use of various examples to substantiate my argument.
There often exists an undeclared state of war among people involved in the struggle for liberation as between those who support and those who are against the use of the name Azania as an alternative name for a liberated South Africa. This is because the debate concerns much more than a name: It involves everything that we are fighting for; it concerns the very nature of the society we seek to build.
Those who oppose the use of the name Azania often argue that it means “the land of the slaves”. This is a contradiction in terms, for slaves are by definition people who are owned, they can hardly own a thing, let alone land. In any event, this tenuous logic would oppose the use of the word “proletariat” because it derives from the parasite of Ancient Greece who lived at the expense of slave society It would also oppose the name “Cuba” which recently referred to a slave society. Continue reading
The modern world is so obsessed with: being one, speaking one language, looking the same, being controlled by one state.
To truly be able to determine whether Black Consciousness is relevant today, an analysis of the way South Africa has fared under the ANC’s administration is necessary, something that is outside the scope of this article. Nevertheless, it is possible to suggest some overarching areas in which Black Consciousness can still inform or develop present day South Africa.
Marcus Garvey, Malcom X, Steve Biko, Martin Luther King Jr. were all from the Afrikans school of thought. The perfect balance of spirit and self-reliance.
The Azanian People’s Organisation (AZAPO) is a South African political party and a former freedom movement. The organisation’s two student wings are the Azanian Students’ Movement (AZASM) for high school learners and the other being for tertiary students called the Azanian Students’ Convention (AZASCO), its women’s wing is the Imbeleko Women’s Organisation, simply known as IMBELEKO. Its inspiration is drawn from the Black Consciousness Movement philosophies developed by Steve Biko, Onkgopotse Tiro and Vuyelwa Mashalaba.
Saturday marked the 38th anniversary of the death of activist and struggle icon, Bantu Biko. Biko’s corpse was discovered in a prison cell in Pretoria on 12 September 1977. He sustained brain damage after being beaten and transported for over 1100km (700mi) in a police van from Port Elizabeth to Pretoria.